Item details
Item ID
Title Deyaku 20141012
Description This item consists of 4 audio files and one transcript. These files, recorded between 10 Oct 2014 and 17 Oct 2014 in the village of Bimadbn (in the donga of NE’s house) constitute a first record of the Ndre language with its last known speaker, Deyebu Irfai (perhaps more properly Yirufai), originally of Rmar village. The village was abandoned when he was a small boy, owing to sorcery, and he was raised among Arammba people. Also present was his adopted son Marai Serkai (son of his small brother). NE and Emil Mittag were both present carrying out the elicitation, ably assisted by Jimmy Nébni as an intermediary to help bridge our inquiries, mostly by explaining and eliciting through Nmbu as a common language; sometimes Arammba was used as the lingua franca as well (Marai and Mittag). Both NE and EM made recordings on their Zoom 4 recorders, and in addition EM made recordings on a Canon Video with mounted Rode mike.

The language is closely related to Nen, even closer to Neme, and is notable for a number of archaic traits from proto-Nambu of which it is the sole witness, most importantly the retention of initial ŋ, which descends as n in Neme and is lost outright in all other Nambu-branch languages.

Deyebu walked to Kiriwa in 2013 to ask EM to begin recording his language and some limited work was done then; the purpose of this week was to get a fuller analytic picture of the language. He and Marai walked from his current location of Setavi to Kiriwa, then the two of them plus EM flew with MAF to Bimadbn for the week’s work. We worked through the standard SNG list (with various informal augments to take the number of vocab items > 500) and many side elicitations to flesh out the most important paradigms.

NE’s field notes are in N2014B and begin p. 62.
Origination date 2014-10-12
Origination date free form
Archive link
Nicholas Evans
Countries To view related information on a country, click its name
Language as given Ndre
Subject language(s) To view related information on a language, click its name
Content language(s) To view related information on a language, click its name
Dialect Ndre
Region / village Oceania
Originating university Australian National University
Operator Melody Ann Ross
Data Categories primary text
Data Types Collection
Discourse type interactive_discourse
Roles Nicholas Evans : researcher
Emil Mittag : researcher
Deyebu Irfai : speaker
Jimmy Nébni : participant
DOI 10.26278/XQFC-8C54
Cite as Nicholas Evans (collector), Nicholas Evans (researcher), Emil Mittag (researcher), Deyebu Irfai (speaker), Jimmy Nébni (participant), 2014. Deyaku 20141012. EAF+XML/MPEG/VND.WAV. LSNG01-20141012 at
Content Files (9)
Filename Type File size Duration File access
LSNG01-20141012-01.eaf application/eaf+xml 130 KB
LSNG01-20141012-01.mp3 audio/mpeg 35.1 MB 00:38:19.800
LSNG01-20141012-01.wav audio/vnd.wav 1.23 GB 00:38:19.780
LSNG01-20141012-02.mp3 audio/mpeg 28.7 MB 00:31:23.700
LSNG01-20141012-02.wav audio/vnd.wav 1.01 GB 00:31:23.680
LSNG01-20141012-03.mp3 audio/mpeg 32.7 MB 00:35:45.650
LSNG01-20141012-03.wav audio/vnd.wav 1.15 GB 00:35:45.630
LSNG01-20141012-04.mp3 audio/mpeg 22.6 MB 00:24:40.839
LSNG01-20141012-04.wav audio/vnd.wav 813 MB 00:24:40.809
9 files -- 4.31 GB -- --

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Collection Information
Collection ID LSNG01
Collection title Languages of Southern New Guinea: Ndre
Description Recordings of the Ndre language of Western Province, Papua New Guinea
Countries To view related information on a country, click its name
Languages To view related information on a language, click its name
Access Information
Edit access Julia Colleen Miller
Melody Ann Ross
View/Download access
Data access conditions Open (subject to agreeing to PDSC access conditions)
Data access narrative

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