PARADISEC catalog glossary

Here's a summary of the special terms used in the various listing pages of the PARADISEC catalog website.

The archive is organised into collections which contain one or more items, each of which contains one or more essence files.

  • Collections are organised around a single theme, such as a single trip of a collector.
  • Items refer to a single document, event or recording.
  • Essence files are the individual files that belong to an item.
Metadata is associated with collections, items, and individual files.

Terms used in catalog listings


The name of a catalog collection, e.g. ABC1. Click on the collection name to view the metadata and items in that collection viewable by your username.


The name of a catalog item, e.g. ABC1-001. Click on the item name to view the metadata and files in that collection viewable by your username.

file / essence

The name of a catalog file, e.g. ABC1/001/ABC1-001-A.wav. Click on the file name to view the embedded metadata of that file. If you have the rights, you may also view and/or download the file.


The size of a collection, item, file or a group of collections, items or files. In the PARADISEC catalog sizes are measured in kilobytes (“KB”, 1024 bytes), megabytes (“MB”, 1024 kilobytes), gigabytes (“GB”, 1024 megabytes) and terabytes (“TB”, 1024 gigabytes).


The playing time of a media file or a collection of those files in an item or collection. Playing times are shown in the format HH:MM:SS.SSS — that is, hours, minutes, seconds and fractional seconds.

last modified

The time that a file, collection or item was last changed in the PARADISEC catalog. Last modified times are shown in the ISO 8601 date format—that is, YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM +TIMEZONE.


Files in the PARADISEC catalog are recognized by file “type” — for example, “audio”, “video”, “image” etc.

embedded metadata

Most classes of files stored in the PARADISEC catalog contain some embedded metadata — that is, metadata stored in the file itself.

catalog metadata

Collections and items in the PARADISEC catalog have metadata recorded.

List of Institutions in Catalog

  • Australian National University
  • University of Auckland
  • Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education (N.T.)
  • Centre national de la recherche scientifique
  • Flinders University
  • University of Gauhati
  • Griffith University
  • Universität Graz
  • Universität Kiel
  • La Trobe University
  • Massey University
  • University of Melbourne
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Monash University
  • University of Newcastle
  • Universität Regensburg
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • University of Sydney
  • University of Hawaii at Manoa
  • University of California, Santa Barbara
  • University of New England
  • Universiti Brunei Darussalam
  • University of Alaska, Fairbanks
  • University of Alberta
  • Universitetet i Bergen
  • University of California, San Diego
  • Universität zu Köln
  • University of North Dakota
  • Universitetet i Oslo
  • University of the South Pacific
  • University of Tulsa
  • University of Wollongong
  • University of Technology, Sydney
  • Victoria University of Wellington
  • University of Waikato
  • British Library National Sound Archive
  • University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies
  • Universität Basel
  • Académie des Langues Kanak
  • Universität Zurich
  • Universität Bielefeld
  • First Nations University of Canada
  • Summer Institute of Linguistics
  • Graduate Institute of Applied Linguistics
  • Macquarie University
  • Kay Williamson Educational Foundation (Cambridge)
  • Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
  • University of California, Santa Cruz
  • University of Guelph
  • Université du Québec à Montréal
  • Theological College of Northern Nigeria
  • Library of Congress
  • University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Harvard University
  • Yale University
  • Uppsala University
  • Universitaet Bern
  • University of Berne
  • University of Oregon
  • MPI Jena
  • Indiana University
  • Radboud University
  • Divine Word University
  • Auckland University
  • University of Maryland, Baltimore County
  • Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
  • Paris Descartes University (Université Paris 5 René Descartes)
  • Meisei University
  • Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
  • Lund University
  • Friedrich-Schiller-University, Jena
  • Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • University of Adelaide
  • University of Queensland
  • University of Colorado Boulder
  • RMIT University
  • Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
  • Stanford University
  • Auckland University of Technology
  • Charles Darwin University
  • University of Michigan
  • Buffalo, USA
  • Western Sydney University
  • Leiden University
  • The American University
  • University of Manchester
  • Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia
  • Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
  • University of Toronto
  • North-Eastern Hill University
  • University of French Polynesia
  • Shanghai Normal University
  • James Cook University
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • Swarthmore College
  • Paris 3, Sorbonne-Nouvelle
  • University of Western Australia
  • Universität Luzern
  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
  • university of oregon
  • University of Goroka
  • Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

List of Grant Bodies in Catalog

  • ARC - Australian Research Council
  • ELDP - Endangered Languages Documentation Programme
  • Other
  • Max Planck Gesellschaft
  • European Research Council