Item details
Item ID
Title Inyjalarrku (mermaid) and Mirrijpu (seagull) songs performed at a reburial ceremony in Gunbalanya; ceremony leader Jacob Nayinggul gives a speech
Description Manyardi (singing only). Solomon Nangamu; James Gulamuwu; Russell Agalara and Alfred Gawaraidji (didjeridu) perform Inyjalarrku (IL) (mermaid) and Mirrijpu (MP) (seagull) songs for reburial ceremony at Gunbalanya on 19 July 2011. Ceremony leader Jacob Nayinggul addresses attendees in both English and Kunwinjku.

Comprises the full recordings 20110719-RB_01.WAV; 20110719-RB_02.WAV; 20110719-RB_03.WAV; 20110719-RB_04.WAV, recorded by Reuben Brown.

Recording 20110719-RB_01.WAV segmented into 20110719-RB_01_01_IL49.wav; 20110719-RB_01_02_IL49.wav; 20110719-RB_01_03_IL49.wav; 20110719-RB_01_04_IL49_IL50.wav.

Recording 20110719-RB_02.WAV segmented into 20110719-RB_02_01_MP06.wav; 20110719-RB_02_02_MP06.wav

Recording 20110719-RB_03.WAV segmented into 20110719-RB_03_01.wav.

Recording 20110719-RB_04.WAV segmented into 20110719-RB_04_01_MP06.wav; 20110719-RB_04_02_MP14.wav; 20110719-RB_04_03_MP14.wav; 20110719-RB_04_04_MP14.wav; 20110719-RB_04_05_MP19.wav; 20110719-RB_04_06_MP19_MP04.wav.

Audio segments 20110719-MT_0385_01_01_KB01.wav; 20110719-MT_0385_01_02_KB06.wav; 20110719-MT_0385_01_03_KB14.wav from footage by Adis Hondo and audio by Suze Houghton for the film 'Etched in Bone', produced by Martin Thomas and Béatrice Bijon.

Related annotations/media include 20110719-RB_04_cue.txt; 5 .jpg photos by Reuben Brown (Panasonic DMC-TZ20: 20110719-RB_01_20110713.jpg to 20110719-RB_05_20110713.jpg, taken on 13 July 2011); 10 .jpg photos by Rachel Orzech (Canon PowerShot SX120: 20110719-RO-01.jpg to 20110719-RO-10.jpg); 3 .jpg photos by Martin Thomas (Canon EOS 5D Mark II: 20110719-MT-01.jpg to 20110719-MT-03.jpg); 12 stills from 'Etched in Bone' footage (20110719-MT_01_still.jpg to 20110719-MT_12_still.jpg);

a video of the reburial ceremony edited by Reuben Brown with rough cuts from 'Etched in Bone' footage (20110719-RB_reburial_ceremony_edit.mp4);

and select rough cut videos fom 'Etched in Bone': 20110719-MT_v0367_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0369_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0370_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0371_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0373_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0374_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0375_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0379_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0380_01.eaf; 20110719-MT_v0380_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0381_01.eaf; 20110719-MT_v0381_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0383_01.eaf; 20110719-MT_v0383_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0385_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0394_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0395_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0396_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0398_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0399_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0400_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0402_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0403_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0404_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0405_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0442_01.mp4; 20110719-MT_v0443_01.mp4.
Origination date 2011-07-19
Origination date free form
Archive link
Reuben Brown
Countries To view related information on a country, click its name
Language as given Manangardi|Mawng|English|Kunwinjku|Bugurnidja|Gagadju|Bininj Kun-wok
Subject language(s) To view related information on a language, click its name
Content language(s) To view related information on a language, click its name
Region / village Gunbalanya|western Arnhem Land|Northern Territory|Australia|Oceania
Originating university University of Sydney
Data Categories song
Data Types Event
Discourse type singing
Roles Reuben Brown : recorder
Reuben Brown : researcher
Solomon Nangamu : singer
James Gulamuwu : singer
Russell Agalara : singer
Alfred Gawaraidji : performer
DOI 10.26278/ZPAF-GG03
Cite as Reuben Brown (collector), Reuben Brown (recorder, researcher), Solomon Nangamu (singer), James Gulamuwu (singer), Russell Agalara (singer), Alfred Gawaraidji (performer), 2011. Inyjalarrku (mermaid) and Mirrijpu (seagull) songs performed at a reburial ceremony in Gunbalanya; ceremony leader Jacob Nayinggul gives a speech. TIFF/JPEG/MP4/PLAIN/MXF/XML/MPEG/X-WAV. RB2-20110719 at
Content Files (154)
Filename Type File size Duration File access
RB2-20110719-MT_01_still.jpg image/jpeg 112 KB
RB2-20110719-MT_01_still.tif image/tiff 2.1 MB
RB2-20110719-MT_02_still.jpg image/jpeg 85 KB
RB2-20110719-MT_02_still.tif image/tiff 1.55 MB
RB2-20110719-MT_03_still.jpg image/jpeg 87.4 KB
RB2-20110719-MT_03_still.tif image/tiff 1.62 MB
RB2-20110719-MT_0385_01_01_KB01.mp3 audio/mpeg 472 KB 00:00:29.814
RB2-20110719-MT_0385_01_01_KB01.wav audio/x-wav 16.6 MB 00:00:29.798
RB2-20110719-MT_0385_01_02_KB06.mp3 audio/mpeg 902 KB 00:00:57.320
RB2-20110719-MT_0385_01_02_KB06.wav audio/x-wav 31.7 MB 00:00:57.301
RB2-20110719-MT_0385_01_03_KB14.mp3 audio/mpeg 1.31 MB 00:01:25.533
RB2-20110719-MT_0385_01_03_KB14.wav audio/x-wav 47.2 MB 00:01:25.501
RB2-20110719-MT_04_still.jpg image/jpeg 81.6 KB
RB2-20110719-MT_04_still.tif image/tiff 2.5 MB
RB2-20110719-MT_05_still.jpg image/jpeg 89.5 KB
RB2-20110719-MT_05_still.tif image/tiff 2.55 MB
RB2-20110719-MT_06_still.jpg image/jpeg 102 KB
RB2-20110719-MT_06_still.tif image/tiff 2.61 MB
RB2-20110719-MT_07_still.jpg image/jpeg 87 KB
RB2-20110719-MT_07_still.tif image/tiff 2.62 MB
RB2-20110719-MT_08_still.jpg image/jpeg 116 KB
RB2-20110719-MT_08_still.tif image/tiff 2.28 MB
RB2-20110719-MT_09_still.jpg image/jpeg 108 KB
RB2-20110719-MT_09_still.tif image/tiff 2.15 MB
RB2-20110719-MT_10_still.jpg image/jpeg 115 KB
25 files -- 119 MB -- --

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Collection Information
Collection ID RB2
Collection title Kun-borrk/manyardi (song and dance from western Arnhem Land) and other performances, 2011-2019
Description Recordings of performances of kun-borrk/manyardi public ceremony from western Arnhem Land and interviews/discussion with singers/performers sharing their knowledge of public ceremony and archival recordings. Includes the following:

- Brown's PhD fieldwork recordings, 2011-2016 (see Reuben Brown, 'Following footsteps: The kun-borrk/manyardi song tradition and its role in western Arnhem Land society', [2016] PhD thesis, University of Syndey <>) including a mamurrng ceremony, funeral ceremony, local festivals and elicitation sessions recorded at various locations in western Arnhem Land and an academic conference in Canberra. Fieldwork funded by Australian Research Council funded project 'Intercultural inquiry in a trans-national context: Exploring the legacy of the 1948 American- Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land' (DP1096897)
- Recordings at a reburial ceremony at Gunbalanya, 2011, produced for 'Etched in Bone' by Martin Thomas and Béatrice Bijon
- Recordings of manyardi at Warruwi (2013) as part filming of 'Language Matters with Bob Holman' by Grubin Productions
- Recordings at Warruwi (2016-2017) with Ruth Singer for Faculty Research Grant investigating use of technology in maintenance of Mawng Language funded by University of Melbourne
- Recordings at the Wilin Centre, Melbourne (2017-2019) for the annual Research Unit for Indigenous Arts and Cultures workshops and symposia
- Recordings at Mowanjum, WA (2019) for the Mowanjum festival, funded by Early Career Research Grant 'Mobilising recordings of western Arnhem Land song to revitalise Exchange', University of Melbourne.
Countries To view related information on a country, click its name
Languages To view related information on a language, click its name
Access Information
Edit access Reuben Brown
Henry Reese
View/Download access Tara Rostron
Data access conditions Open (subject to agreeing to PDSC access conditions)
Data access narrative

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